HERRING MONITORING PROGRAM
In 2016, volunteers in our Herring Monitoring Program observed a record setting 62,562 herring across 81 days and 786 counting slots. The total estimated Mystic River herring run this year was 448,060 +/- 48,113. This estimate represents another strong migration!
WHAT Are river HERRING?
The Mystic River Watershed supports two species of river herring: Alewife (Alosa psuedoharenous) and Blueback Herring (Alosa aestivalis). Both fish are anadromous: they spend most of their lives at sea and return to freshwater habitats—like the Mystic River’s upper reaches—to spawn, or lay eggs.
WHY MONITOR RIVER HERRING?
In colonial times and earlier, herring in the Mystic River were extraordinarily abundant. But from the 1900’s until today a much smaller population of river herring is present.
According to the Herring Alliance some river herring runs on the Atlantic Coast have declined by 95% or more over the past 20 years. In 2006 the National Marine Fisheries Service designated river herring as a species of concern. Population decline may be associated with numerous factors including by-catch, habitat loss and degradation, water pollution, poaching, access to spawning habitat, and natural predators.
Prior to renovations in 2011, the DCR Upper Mystic Lake Dam prevented river herring from reaching the Upper Mystic Lake. In the past, a volunteer-run bucket brigade hoisted the fish over the dam. Thanks to the Upper Mystic Lake Dam Rehabilitation project, a new fish ladder allows passage for river herring and the opportunity to monitor herring.
WHAT IS MyRWA DOING?
The Herring Monitoring Program utilizes volunteer efforts to count herring passing through a fish ladder at the DCR Mystic Lakes Dam in Medford. Counting occurs each spring (April - June) following the Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries (MA-DMF) protocol. The data collected is used to estimate the total herring run size in the Mystic River and is shared with the MA-DMF to help inform trends across the Commonwealth.
The Program collects valuable data about herring populations as they make their way up the Mystic River to reach their native spawning grounds and provides a rich educational opportunity. We hope that through participation, volunteers will increase their understanding and stewardship of the Mystic River and the watershed.
MyRWA would like to thank the MA-DMF, Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation, Medford Boat Club and all of the monitors for supporting this program.
HOW CAN YOU GET INVOLVED?
Volunteer to be a fish monitor! Volunteers monitor herring at the DCR Upper Mystic Lake Dam on April 1st (or thereabouts - depending on weather conditions). This is a weekly commitment of just 10 minutes from April through June. Monitors must be able to swim and be 18 years old or older to participate in the program. Youth aged 12 to 17 may assist under the direct supervision of a guardian. No previous experience or knowledge is required and training is provided.
To find out more about this volunteer opportunity or the project email firstname.lastname@example.org
HERRING MONITORING PROGRAM RESULTS
2016: 62,562 herring were counted yielding an estimated run size of 448,060 +/- 48,113 herring.
2015: 57,617 herring were observed resulting in an estimated 477,827 +/- 40,674 herring run size.
2014: 31,063 herring were counted resulting in an estimated 239,059 +/- 37,288 herring run size.
2013: 23,635 herring were observed yielding an estimated run size of 193,125 +/- 24,250 herring.
2012: 21,052 herring were counted by citizen scientists. Using modeling software provided by the MA-DMF, the Mystic River herring run was estimated to be 198,932 +/- 18,062 herring. This was the first year of the Mystic River Herring Monitoring Program.
MyRWA also monitors American Eel (Anguilla rostrata) passing through the Upper Mystic Lake Dam. Eels travel through the dam via a ramp to the right of the fish ladder and are counted by MyRWA staff and the the Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries.