INVASIVE PLANT REMOVAL PROJECTS
The Mystic River Watershed Association runs two volunteer-powered invasive plant management programs, one tackling the aquatic plant water chestnut and a second program removing Oriental bittersweet from waterfront parks. More than 950 volunteers participate in these programs each year, significantly improving the health and aesthetics of the river. Volunteer opportunities run from June - October.
MyRWA can organize a fun and rewarding employee community service day for you! If you would like to get your workplace, community organization, church, club or neighborhood involved in invasive plant management please contact Beth at 781-316-3438 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
As part of the Mystic Greenways Initiative and due to the popularity and success of the water chestnut removal project, the Mystic River Watershed Association launched the Oriental bittersweet removal project in 2016. Focusing on Medford's Macdonald Park this land-based stewardship activity tackles the invasive vine that can kill tress, impairs habitat value and degrades park aesthetics.
Oriental bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus) is a woody vine that grows rapidly and can easily climb trees up to 90 feet tall. As Oriental bittersweet grows, it chokes or girdles the plant that it is clinging to, shades out other plants and makes trees top-heavy, making them susceptible to wind and ice damage. It is easily identifiable in the fall by its red and orange berries.
Eradication efforts of water chestnut, an invasive plant clogging the Mystic River and elsewhere in the watershed, have been ongoing since 2010. MyRWA is aggressively combating water chestnuts by partnering with municipalities, local environmental organizations, boat clubs, corporations and community members to hand-pull the plant and obtain funding for a mechanical harvester. Check out a time-lapse video of volunteers in action.
WHAT IS A WATER CHESTNUT?
Water chestnut (Trapa natans) is native to Asia, Europe and Africa. It was introduced in 1897 by a gardener as an ornamental plant in Fresh Pond in Cambridge.
In Medford, parts of the Mystic River are barely passable due to water chestnuts that are working hard to extend their habitat from shore to shore. These floating-leaved plants form dense, continuous mats over the water surface of lakes, ponds and slow-moving waters. The mats in turn impede boating, fishing, and swimming, and crowd out native plants. Decomposition of large quantities of water chestnuts may result in lower dissolved oxygen levels, which can lead to fish kills. The plant’s growth is propelled by high levels of nutrients, such as phosphorus, in the Mystic River. One acre of water chestnut can produce enough seeds to cover 100 acres the following year.
THANKS TO THE MANY HELPING HANDS THAT MAKE THIS WORK POSSIBLE!
- 2016: 835 volunteers attended 22 events, removing nearly 67 tons of plant material from the Mystic River and Arlington Reservoir.
- 2015: 966 volunteers hand-pulled 94,160 lbs. of water chestnuts across 21 events. Program news coverage!
- 2014: 941 volunteers attended 19 events removing 6,603 baskets of water chestnuts, clearing 2.3 miles of the Mystic River.