INVASIVE PLANT REMOVAL

Google at the Arlington Reservoir, removing water chestnut. Photo: MyRWA

Google at the Arlington Reservoir, removing water chestnut. Photo: MyRWA

The Mystic River Watershed Association runs two volunteer-powered invasive plant management programs, one tackling the aquatic plant water chestnut and a second program removing Oriental bittersweet from waterfront parks. Over 1,000 volunteers participate in these programs each year, significantly improving the health and aesthetics of the river.

volunteer

Volunteer opportunities run from monthly from June—October.

CORPORATE OPPORTUNITies

Join the list of companies who make a difference in the Mystic! MyRWA can organize a fun and rewarding employee community service day for you. Learn more about our corporate volunteer opportunities.

what are invasive plants?

Invasive plants are defined as those that are not native to North America, have naturalized in the environment, and are harmful to native ecosystems. There are plenty of plants—like Queen Anne’s lace—that are not native, but live in relative harmony with native plants.

Invasives, on the other hand, outcompete and ultimately kill native plants.  Why is that bad?  Isn’t one green plant as good as another?

Actually, native plants support much richer food webs.  Oak trees, which are native in North America, support 500 species of moth and butterflies. While Norway Maples, a widely planted city tree, host no moths (or close to none). To birds a Norway Maple is a food desert; while an oak tree is a feast.

The Mystic River Watershed Association works to remove include Oriental Bittersweet and Water Chestnut.

Oriental Bittersweet

The case against Oriental Bittersweet is simple: it kills trees. Oriental bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus) is a leafy, climbing woody vine and was introduced to the eastern United States in the mid-1800s. It is native to China, Japan and Korea.  Stems of older vines can be up to 4 inches thick and climb over 60 feet. As Oriental bittersweet grows, it chokes or girdles the plant that it is clinging to, shades out other plants and makes trees top-heavy, making them susceptible to wind and ice damage.

Its leaves vary widely in shape and can be round, oblong or teardrop shaped with finely toothed margins and sometimes a long, tapering point. Leaf length ranges from 2-5 inches long and 2-3.5 inches wide. They are glossy green in spring and summer, becoming golden yellow in late summer and fall. It is easily identifiable in the fall by its red and orange berries.

Water Chestnut

A water chestnut plant on the Mystic River. Photo: MyRWA

A water chestnut plant on the Mystic River. Photo: MyRWA

Eradication efforts of water chestnut, an invasive plant clogging the Mystic River and elsewhere in the watershed, have been ongoing since 2010. MyRWA is aggressively combating water chestnuts by partnering with municipalities, local environmental organizations, boat clubs, corporations and community members to hand-pull the plant and obtain funding for a mechanical harvester. Because of all the works we are doing the volume of water chestnut in the river has drastically decreased! Check out a time-lapse video of volunteers in action.

Water chestnut (Trapa natans) is native to Asia, Europe and Africa. It was introduced in 1897 by a Harvard botanist as an ornamental plant in Fresh Pond in Cambridge.  Water chestnuts spread over the rivers surface, crowding out native plants and altering the water chemistry. In the fall when the plants die, their decomposition draws down the dissolved oxygen which fish and other aquatic animals need to survive. Additionally, the plants get caught in motor boats and limit the use of the river. If we don’t remove water chestnuts, they will literally take over the fresh water portion of the Mystic River! The plant has a floating rosette of leaves with spiky seeds, or nuts, just beneath the leaves.

It’s important that we pull these plants before they have a chance to reproduce so that we diminish the seed bed. You can learn about volunteering with our invasive species removal program below.

THANKS TO THE MANY HELPING HANDS THAT MAKE THIS WORK POSSIBLE!

  • 2018: 793 volunteers removed 2,403 baskets of water chestnuts and 1,850 lawn bags of Oriental bittersweet.

  • 2017: 996 volunteers removed 5,200 baskets of water chestnuts and cleared 18 acres of parklands of invasive plants.

  • 2016: 835 volunteers attended 22 events, removing nearly 67 tons of plant material from the Mystic River and Arlington Reservoir.

  • 2015: 966 volunteers hand-pulled 94,160 lbs. of water chestnuts across 21 events.

  • 2014: 941 volunteers attended 19 events removing 6,603 baskets of water chestnuts, clearing 2.3 miles of the Mystic River.